This course trains students to promptly recognize cardiac arrest, give high-quality chest compressions, deliver appropriate ventilations, and provide early use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED), as part of a team and individually. This course also teaches adult, child and infant rescue techniques and how to relieve choking.
The BLS core cases will be reviewed during the course, which will assist you in gaining the knowledge and develop the ability to:
1. Initiate the Chain of Survival:
a. Promptly recognize cardiac arrest within 10 seconds
b. Overcome barriers to initiating CPR
2. Perform prompt, high-quality CPR with C-A-B sequence (adult/child/infant)
a. Provide chest compressions of adequate rate (at least 100/min)
b. Provide chest compressions of adequate depth
i. A depth of at least 5cm for adults
ii. A depth of at least 1/3 of the anterior-posterior diameter of the chest or approximately 4cm in infants and 5cm in children
c. Allow complete chest recoil after each compression
d. Minimize interruptions in compressions
e. Avoid excessive ventilation
3. Initiate early use of an AED (adult/child/infant)
a. Turn on AED
b. Place AED pads appropriately
c. Follow all AED prompts.
4. Provide appropriate breaths.
a. Deliver appropriate breaths with minimal interruptions in compressions
i. 30:2 for an adult, child, or infant without an advanced airway
ii. 15:2 for 2-rescuer CPR for a child or infant without an advanced airway
iii. One breath every 6-8 seconds (8 to 10 breaths per minute) for a victim with an advanced airway (without pauses in chest compressions)
b. Provide visible chest rise with each breath
c. Avoid excessive ventilation
5. Practice the minor basic life support (BLS) differences for children and infants.
6. Practice team CPR (adult/infant)
a. Practice team resuscitation to optimize coordinated CPR to achieve objectives 1 through 4
b. Change rescuers every 2 minutes to avoid compressor fatigue
c. Provide constructive feedback to other team members